SOL # 5.6 Oceans, Earth/Space Systems and Cycles

 

Blueprint Categories

%

The student will investigate and understand characteristics of the ocean

environment. Key concepts include

 

a) geological characteristics;

 

b) physical characteristics; and

 

c) ecological characteristics.

 

 

Scientific Investigation

 (includes 4.1 a-l)

 

25%

 

Force, Motion, Energy, and Matter

(4.2 a-d, 4.3 a-f)

 

25%

 

Life Processes and Living Systems

(4.4 a-d, 4.5 a-f, 4.9 b)

 

25%

 

Earth/Space Systems and Cycles

(4.6 a-c), 4.7 a-c, 4.8 a-e, 4.9 a, c-d)

 

25%

 

Prior Knowledge

Previous/Related SOL

Vocabulary

Words and Definitions

Assessment(s)

Students should already know:

 

a)   aquatic food chain

 

b)   names of oceans

 

c)   majority of the Earth is covered by water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ocean

continents

continental shelf

continental slope

continental rise

abyssal plain

ocean trenches

depth

salinity

runoff

waves

currents

tides

Gulf Stream

temperature

pressure

marine organisms

plant-like plankton

phytoplankton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dissolved

zooplankton

navigation

populations

tides 

animal-like plankton

sonar

shallow

sediment

density

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


RESOURCES

Books

Technology

Lessons

Trade Books

Text Books

SMARTBoard & Video

Study Guides

VA DOE Resources

Oceans; by Greg Reid

 

How Many Fish in the Sea?; by Linda Tagliaferro

 

A Journey into the Ocean; by Rebecca Johnson

 

Waves; by Drew Kampion

C86 – C95

B42 – B43

B72 – B75

 

Websites

www.solpass.org (password required)

www.brainpop.com : oceans, ocean currents, ocean floor, underwater world

 

SMARTboard Activities

Oceans

Ocean Layers

Videos

Ocean’s Alive: The Food Web

Ocean’s Alive: Tides

Oceans: Earth’s Last Frontier

Treasures of the Deep: Our Ocean Resources

 

 

 


The Ocean Floor

Coast to Currents


Salty Sea

Life in the Food Chain

 

Other Resources

 

 

 

 


CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2010

UNDERSTANDING THE STANDARD

(Teacher Notes)

ESSENTIAL UNDERSTANDINGS

ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, AND PROCESSES

· Oceans cover about 70 percent of the surface of Earth.

· Important features of the ocean floor near the continents are the continental shelf, the continental slope, and the continental rise. These areas are covered with thick layers of sediments (sand, mud, rocks).

· The depth of the ocean varies. Ocean trenches are very deep, and the continental shelf is relatively shallow.

· Ocean water is a complex mixture of gases (air) and dissolved solids (salts, especially sodium chloride). Marine organisms are dependent on dissolved gases for survival. The salinity of ocean water varies in some places depending on rates of evaporation and amount of runoff from nearby land.

· The basic motions of ocean water are the waves, currents, and tides.

· Ocean currents, including the Gulf Stream, are caused by wind patterns and the differences in water densities (due to salinity and temperature differences). Ocean currents affect the mixing of ocean waters. This can affect plant and animal populations. Currents also affect navigation routes.

· As the depth of ocean water increases, the temperature decreases, the pressure increases, and the amount of light decreases. These factors influence the type of life forms that are present at a given depth.

· Plankton are tiny free-floating organisms that live in water. Plankton may be animal-like or plant-like. Animal-like plankton are called zooplankton. Plant-like plankton (phytoplankton) carry out most of the photosynthesis on Earth. Therefore, they provide much of Earth’s oxygen. Phytoplankton form the base of the ocean food web. Plankton flourish in areas where nutrient-rich water upwells from the deep.

 

In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will

· create and interpret a model of the ocean floor and label and describe each of the major features.

· research and describe the variation in depths associated with ocean features, including the continental shelf, slope, rise, the abyssal plain, and ocean trenches.

· design an investigation (including models and simulations) related to physical characteristics of the ocean environment (depth, salinity, formation of waves, causes of tides, and currents, such as the Gulf Stream).

· interpret graphical data related to physical characteristics of the ocean.

· explain the formation of ocean currents and describe and locate the Gulf Stream.

· design an investigation (including models and simulations) related to ecological relationships of the ocean environment.

· interpret graphical data related to the ecological characteristics of the ocean, such as the number of organisms vs. the depth of the water.

· analyze how the physical characteristics (depth, salinity, and temperature) of the ocean affect where marine organism can live.

· create and interpret a model of a basic marine food web, including floating organisms (plankton), swimming organisms, and organisms living on the ocean floor.